Front-end developer is someone who develops the parts of the app or website that users can see and interact with.

How to become a front-end developer

The first thing we need to understand is who is a front-end developer? A front-end developer is an IT personnel making websites functional, easy to use and graphically appealing. They create websites using programming languages and tools such as JavaScript, CSS and HTML. They build a website’s features and user interface elements. 

Table of Contents

  • Roles and responsibilities of a front-end developer
  • How to become a front-end developer
  • People also ask

It is important to understand the differences between front-end developer, back-end developer, and full stack developer before we move any further. Very simply put, a front-end developer is someone who develops the parts of the app or website that users can see and interact with. Whereas a back-end developer takes care of matters behind the scenes such as infrastructure and databases. A full stack developer is someone who is capable of handling the whole design process from the beginning to the end. 

Roles and responsibilities of a front-end developer

Some of the roles and responsibilities of a front-end developer are outlined below:

  • Decide and develop the webpage design and structure
  • Create and implement graphic design elements
  • Enhance user experience by creating certain features and tools
  • Connecting front-end features to back-end technology for functionality
  • Ensuring that the web design is mobile compatible
  • Ensure that web pages are optimized for speed and scalability
  • Collaborating with the marketing and business teams to translate their needs into web functionality
  • Ensure that the brand is consistent throughout the whole design

How to become a front-end developer

To become a front-end developer and sustain a career in this field, you need to follow the following steps.

  • Obtain an education

Employers may require a candidate to have a bachelor’s degree in web development or computer science. You will also have to be familiar with coding languages such as JavaScript, CSS and HTML which are basic building blocks for website and app development. In addition, it may be good to specialize in jQuery and JavaScript Frameworks. Learning the fundamentals of front-end development, programming languages and website frameworks can help you advance in your career.

  • Improving technical skills

Learn and develop the hard skills required for building websites using core programming frameworks for front-end web development such as JavaScript, CSS, and HTML. You must also read articles and books about front-end development. You could also check out some videos on YouTube. If you are still learning, you could accept opportunities to volunteer in organizations that need front-end developers to gain some experience. 

  • Practice Coding

While it is important to learn how to write code quickly and efficiently, it is also important to practice in your spare time and improve. You could begin by using your knowledge to build small parts of a user interface and then expand slowly.  There are many online programs where you can practice your coding skills interactively. They offer coding challenges to elevate your skills.

  • Focus on learning

There are various ways in which you can enhance your skills. For instance, you could check out some tools, tutorials, and open-source projects. There are several resources available online that can help you master the skills related to front-end development that are totally free of cost. They are easily accessible and can boost your learning. Additionally, you could also take a structured course in front-end development and learn in a structured environment. These could be either online or offline. 

  • Join a web development community

There are several online coding communities where developers share their work and projects and receive peer comments. Such efforts can help you grow, gain useful experience, and receive helpful feedback and tips. Such interactions will also help you form valuable connections in the industry. Such connections may be useful when you are looking for job opportunities.

  • Develop an online portfolio

It is good to showcase samples of websites that you have developed to future employers through a portfolio. Ensure that the portfolio includes some of your relevant work, portions that describe your work and areas of expertise and also a short biography of you. If done professionally, this could enhance the chances of you securing a job.

  • Search for open positions

Front-end web development positions are open across various industries. Many such leads can be got from communities where such positions are often shared and discussed. You could also research companies that are looking to hire front-end developers.


The future is bright for anyone looking to be a front-end developer. There is a huge deficit of developers and it is predicted that the web developer employment is expected to grow in the coming years. Increased internet usage especially on mobile means a greater need for user interfaces, which in turn means more jobs for front-end developers. Jobs in the field of web development are closely tied to the popularity of the internet which is surging everyday and hence the scope for jobs such as front-end development are also high with no signs of letting up.

People also ask

  • What skills are required to become a front-end developer?

Ans: Front-end developers should have a strong understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They should also be familiar with responsive design principles, version control systems (such as Git), and have knowledge of popular front-end frameworks and libraries like React or Angular.

  • Is a degree required to become a front-end developer?

Ans: While a formal degree is not always necessary, having a solid understanding of web development concepts and practical experience is crucial. Many front-end developers acquire their skills through self-study, online courses, coding bootcamps, or a combination of these approaches.

  • What tools do front-end developers use?

Ans: Front-end developers often use code editors like Visual Studio Code or Sublime Text to write and manage their code. They also utilize browser developer tools for debugging and testing. Task runners/build tools like Gulp or Webpack, and version control systems like Git, are commonly employed as well.

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